What is verb? Mention different types of verb with examples.
Verb: Verb is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence.
Different Types of Verbs:
Finite verb is a kind of verb which expresses a full meaning of the speaker without asking any demand to know.
Or, we can say, a finite verb is a form of verb that has a subject (expressed or implied) and can function as the root of an independent clause.
Non-finite verb is a kind of verb which doesn’t express any meaning of the speaker without asking any demand to know.
Or, we can say, non-finite verb is a form of verb that does not show a distinction in tense and cannot stand alone as the main verb in a sentence.
Especially infinitive, gerund and participle are called the non-finite verb as these verbs do not express any meaning without main verb of a sentence.
Infinitive: to write Gerund: writing participle: Present participle : writing Past Participle: written
►We wanted to go there.
Here ‘wanted’ is finite verb and ‘to go’- an infinitive verb is non-finite verb.
►I going there will meet Abid.
Here ‘going’- a gerund verb is non-finite verb and ‘will meet’ is finite verb.
►I done my home task have gone away.
Here ‘done’- past participle is a non-finite verb whereas ‘have gone’ is a finite verb.
Principal verb is called the main verb of a sentence.
►I went there.
►Karim goes to school.
Auxiliary verb is called the helping verb which is used to help the main verb for expressing a full meaning of a sentence.
Mainly Auxiliary verbs have two types like- (a) Principal Auxiliary (b) Modal Auxiliary
Principal Auxiliaries are: am, is, are, was, were, be Modal Auxiliaries are: will, shall, can, may, must, would, should, could, might
►I am a student.
►He is a teacher.
►He is going to meet his friend.
Transitive verb is a form of verb which has an object.
►He bought a bicycle.
(Here ‘a bicycle’ is the object of the main verb ‘bought’ so ‘bought’ is a transitive verb)
Intransitive verb is a form of verb which has no object.
►The moon shines at night.
(Here there is no object so the main verb ‘shines’ is an intransitive verb)
There are some transitive verbs which have object yet the sentence doesn’t express the full meaning of the sentence. To express the full meaning of the sentence, some words are needed for transitive verbs as the complement of the sentence. These verbs are called factitive verbs.
Subject Verb Object Complement
I found him absent.
I found him tired.
We elected him our captain.
We consider him honest.
My parents named me Abid.
Generally select, elect, find, nominate, appoint, make, call, think, choose, consider etc. are used as factitive verbs.
There are some intransitive verbs that do not express a full meaning of a sentence without some extra words. These extra words are used as complement of the sentence. So these verbs are called copulative verbs.
Subject Intransitive Verb Complement
The man seems to be tired.
The man became angry.
Those books are of no use.
This flower looks beautiful.
Generally look, smell, fall, hear, remain, turn, appear, become, seem, grow, feel, taste and be verb are used as copulative verbs.